FAQs

Earthing Basics

What is Earthing (Grounding)?

Grounding research indicates that the surface of planet Earth has natural potent painkilling, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and stress reducing properties. It’s Nature’s design, a remarkable healing asset, but most humans are missing out on it.

The Earth is endowed with “electric nutrition,” a virtually limitless supply of mobile electrons that gives the ground we walk on (as well as our lakes and oceans) a natural negative electric charge. This phenomenon nourishes planetary life, both animals and plants.

The research demonstrates that direct contact with the Earth restores and stabilizes the bioelectrical circuitry that governs our physiology and organs, recharges and thins our blood, enhances immune function, and powerfully and quickly knocks down inflammation and pain. The degree to which this resource nourishes, protects, and heals is substantial, and of great medical significance

For more details and why humans are disconnected from the Earth’s healing energy, click here.

How can you experience Earthing benefits?

You have options.

1) Go barefoot (sit, stand, walk, run) outside on the Earth or swim/wade in the ocean/a lake/river for a half-hour or more a day.  On land, conductive surfaces for grounding include soil, grass, sand, gravel, and rock.  Concrete is also conductive.  Moist surfaces are more conductive than dry.  You cannot ground yourself on asphalt, vinyl, and wooden surface; they are not conductive.

2) Walking outside may be risky or unpleasant because of glass, parasites, excrement, etc. If your daily routine, the weather, or surface conditions don’t accommodate outdoor grounding, you can conveniently ground yourself indoors for many hours while sitting and sleeping.  Indoor Earthing products are available at www.earthingcanada.ca.

Research on Earthing started in 2000 and led to the development of conductive sheets, mats, body bands, and patches for indoor grounding.  Consider them as “barefoot substitutes” that allow you to be connected to the Earth outside.  The best opportunity to gain the many benefits of Earthing indoors is to sleep grounded.

What can you expect to feel when you start Earthing?

Most people feel better right away.  They sleep better.  Have more energy and less pain.  But some individuals can feel temporary symptoms of detoxification as the body starts to function more efficiently.  For the details, please read our article new to Earthing.

In a high-tech age, why is the concept of Earthing so important?

Earthing research indicates that grounding may represent a simple, natural, and powerful tool for reducing the current global epidemic of pain conditions, inflammation-related diseases, insomnia and chronic fatigue.  Earthing broadly lowers pain and inflammation and thus elevates quality of life ˗ how you feel, and even how you look ˗ to a surprising level.

James Oschman, Ph.D., an internationally-renowned expert on energy medicine and a member of our board of advisors, describes the phenomenon thusly: “Earthing works fast. Anyone can try it. You don’t even have to believe it works.   If you don’t feel well or have pain, for whatever reason, just put your bare feet on the ground – on grass, wet sand, gravel, or plain dirt − for a half-hour.  See what happens.  There is nothing that comes close to Earthing for quick relief. You can literally feel pain draining from your body the instant you touch the Earth.”

Is Earthing a new concept?

No.  Throughout practically all of history, humans have walked barefoot on the Earth. They have sat and slept on conductive animal skins, and fashioned those skins into footwear. All this ordinary activity has enabled our predecessors to absorb into their bodies the Earth’s natural healing energy. During the late 1880s, a back-to-Nature movement in Germany featured walking barefoot and sleeping directly on the Earth for which many positive health claims were made. For more on this movement, refer to the Earthing book.

Once you start grounding, what happens if you stop?

Over the years, we have heard from many people who experienced relief and improvements from grounding and then they stopped Earthing. Their gains began eroding.

We advise people to make Earthing part of a healthy lifestyle routine and keep grounding.  We all evolved connected to the Earth. In our experience, staying grounded often makes the difference between feeling good and feeling bad. Earthing is thus not just for regaining well-being, but also for maintaining it.

Can a person do too much Earthing?

That’s like asking if someone can be barefoot on the Earth too much? Remember that the Earthing experience indoors simulates being barefoot on the ground outside.  Throughout most of history we walked barefoot and slept on the ground. We were directly connected to the Earth almost 24/7.

Our body knows exactly what to do with what the Earth provides to us. When we connect to the Earth the amount of the electrons we absorb is governed by the amount our body needs to balance the electrical charge of our body. It is always the perfect amount.

It uses up electrons in many metabolic processes, including the basic process of cellular energy production, so there is always an ongoing demand. If you are grounding yourself on a routine basis, you are, in a sense, topping up your tank. And if you ground yourself routinely for many, many hours each day then you will likely find that it is very hard to develop chronic inflammation, the cause of most common chronic disease.

Why does the Earth’s electric field transfer so easily to the body?

The body is mostly water and minerals. It is a good conductor of electricity (electrons). The free electrons on the surface of the Earth are easily transferred to the human body as long as there is direct contact. Unfortunately, synthetically-soled shoes act as insulators so that even when we are outside we do not connect with the Earth’s electric field. When we are in homes and office buildings, we are also insulated and unable to receive the Earth’s balancing energies.

What is the difference between the Earth’s electric field and the electric field used to conduct electricity in my home?

The Earth’s electric field is mainly a continuous direct current (DC) producing field. Throughout history, life on the planet has attuned our biology to this subtle field. By comparison, home wiring systems in the U.S. use 60-cycle per second alternating current (AC). Unless at very low frequency (less that 10 cycles per second) and/or low power, alternating current is foreign to our biology. AC, and other forms of man-made environmental electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are being researched as possible factors in a variety of stress-related responses. Many people are sensitive to EMFs. Studies show an “association,” but not cause and effect, between living near power lines (or exposure to EMFs on the job) and higher rates of health problems.

How much “current” is actually being transferred from the Earth's surface via the wire to a grounding product?

There is no constant measurable current flow beyond the equalization charge that is instantly transferred to the body when a person lies on a conductive sheet or makes contact with another type of Earthing product. We are talking about numbers of electrons in the trillions and quadrillions. Once the body is grounded, the rate of influx changes, and the body will only absorb that amount of electrons needed to maintain the same electrical potential as the Earth and to restore what is lost in the body’s metabolic processes. It may take many quadrillions to get the body stable. As long as a person continues to be grounded, the body can use the Earth as a natural reservoir, or “power source,” of electrons to maintain a “topped up” homeostatic level that compensates for any attrition of internal electrons. With connection to the Earth, it would thus seem hard for the body to develop any electron deficiency, and, theoretically, any chronic inflammation. The actual amount of charge (electrons transferred) would vary significantly based upon location of the body above the Earth (voltage) and any potential electrostatic charge that has built up on the body. The continuing amount of electrons absorbed by the body to reduce metabolic and immune response free radicals would also vary significantly between people depending upon their life style and activity. This is all extremely difficult, if not impossible, to measure.

What is the difference between the Earthing technology and the use of magnets?

Although the use of magnets produce some therapeutic effects when properly applied, magnets cannot provide free electrons, nor can they connect the body with the naturally balancing electric frequencies of the Earth. Earthing technology used inside your home or office connects you with the Earth’s electrons in the same way as if you were standing barefoot on ground outside.

Can I wear any type of footwear and still be earthed?

No. Standard plastic/rubber or composite soles do not conduct the Earth’s electric energy. Most shoes today are made from those materials. You need leather or hide soles, which used to be the primary footwear materials in the past. Leather itself isn’t conductive, but the foot perspires and the moisture permits conduction of the energy from the Earth through the leather and up into the body. In addition, moisture from walking on damp ground or sidewalks could permeate up into the leather soled shoe. Thickness of the sole can also be a factor, and specifically that a very thick leather sole may not allow the moisture through. Moccasins are the best type of natural conductive footwear. Leather isn’t quite as good as bare feet on the ground but certainly much, much better than standard soles that are insulating. Hopefully soon shoe companies will begin making grounded shoes.

Can I ground myself outside by wearing electrostatic discharge (ESD) footwear?

ESD shoes are primarily designed for discharging static electricity but to a degree they ground the body beneficially. They are better than regular shoes but not as good as going barefoot. The difference between grounding and static discharge is that grounding instantly equalizes your body at Earth’s potential. Static discharge, generally called a soft ground or a dissipative ground, has an inline 1 meg ohm resistor in the ground cord which is design to slowly bleed off static electrical charges (contact and separation charges). These charges are created on the body by clothing and shoes whenever you move your clothing with arm movement or walk or sit on any synthetic material. The ESD industry uses dissipative grounding to prevent a rapid discharge of static electricity that might otherwise blow an electronic circuit or sensitive chip.

Does Earthing occur if I work, stand, or walk barefooted on a ceramic tile floor?

It depends on whether the tile floor sits on a concrete slab or on the ground. If directly on a slab or ground, the energy could come through. If the tile sits on plywood or some other kind of wood, plastic, or vinyl understructure, you are not likely to get any conductivity. It also depends on what kind of tile. Ceramic tile with a glazed finish on the surface will, like glass, probably prevent conductivity.

I live in a warm climate where we are reluctant to go out barefoot due to parasites in the soil like hookworm and roundworm. The soil never gets cold enough for the parasites to die off.

If being barefoot outside is risky, Earthing sheets and mats allow you to be grounded inside. The best opportunity to gain the many benefits of Earthing is to sleep grounded.

Can Earthing protect me from cell phone frequencies?

The protective potential of Earthing has not been tested yet on cell phone exposure. There is no research indicating that Earthing will or will not protect a person from exposure to cell phones signals, microwave radiation, or radio frequencies. What we know is that Earthing reduces significantly the induced body voltages generated by simple exposure to common household 60 Hz EMFs continuously emitted by all plugged-in electrical cords (even if the appliance is off), internal wiring, and all ungrounded electrical devices in the home or office. Based in the cases we have seen of people extremely sensitive to such EMFs it is prudent to be grounded as much as possible in the home or office.

If I sleep on the ground in a sleeping bag am I grounded?

Some part of your body needs to be in direct contact with the Earth in order for you to get the full benefit of Earthing. The skin of your body needs to come in contact with the “skin of the Earth.” It can be a bare foot, or arm, for instance, sticking out of the sleeping bag in contact with the Earth.

I do not live in North America. Can I plug my Earthing product into a wall outlet?

We receive many questions about using Earthing products around the world. To assist you, we have compiled some basic facts you will need to determine the best connecting options for you. Earthing products are designed to be used with an Earthing ground rod placed in the soil outside next to a window or door, or via a grounded wall outlet inside the home or office. Individual conditions in your home, office, and country may dictate which of these options you use to connect to the Earth.

The first thing you need to know is that Earthing products do not operate on electricity, so it does not matter what the electrical current is in your country (whether 110 volts or 240 volts, etc). Earthing products simply allow the natural, gentle energy from the Earth outside to be carried inside. When you make physical — bare skin — contact with the Earthing product it is the same as if you were standing or walking barefoot outside. This is what creates the benefits of Earthing.

Our preference is that the products throughout the world be connected to Earthing ground rods, however many people like the idea of simply plugging them into an electrical outlet ground port in their home or office. For people who live in tall apartment buildings (high rises), a ground rod may not be feasible, and for people who do not have a grounded electrical system in their home or office, the only option is the ground rod.

The following explanation covers two options for connecting Earthing products. The electrical terms “ground” and “Earth” have the same meaning. In Spanish, the term is “tierra.”

Option # 1: Plug-In 

There are many different outlet configurations around the world. Some are grounded (Earthed). Others are not. For this reason, if you want to plug into a wall outlet you will have to determine first whether your electrical system and outlets are indeed properly grounded. An electrician can determine that for you or you can purchase a simple outlet ground checker at an electrical supply or hardware store locally.

Outlets with only two holes and no Earth/ground strip or Earth/ground pin or hole means there is no Earth/ground present. You must use a ground rod. This is quite common in older homes. Keep in mind, however, that an outlet with three holes, or two holes and an Earth/ground strip or Earth/ground pin or hole, does not necessarily mean that the Earth/ground is actually connected. The individual outlet must be tested for correct wiring.

In the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and parts of the Caribbean, the electrical systems in homes and offices that have been grounded utilize what is know as “Type B” electrical wall outlets. To determine what type of outlet is used in your country, go to the following web site: http://electricaloutlet.org/ The cords that come with Earthing products are designed to fit directly into the ground ports (third hole) of grounded Type B wall outlet or into the female receptor end of Earthing ground rod cords used anyplace in the world. The Earthing cords will not usually fit into international ground ports or contacts.

If your outlets are grounded, you will need to obtain a grounded outlet adapter for use with North American appliances in your country. Earthing products come with a 12 foot (about 3 ½ meters) long cord. One end snaps onto the product and the other (male) end inserts into the ground (Earth) port of the appropriate adapter that is then plugged into a properly grounded electrical outlet. Adapters are available through local electric supply stores or through the Internet. In many European countries, the Schuko adapter below is commonly used. VP 11B – Grounded Europe Adapter – USA to Europe Heavy Duty Adaptor Plug German Schuko from VCT electronics distributed by Amazon.

Do not buy a universal adapter. Some universal adapters look like they have the Earth/ground connection but when tested they do not work. Others have loose intermittent connections that will minimize the benefits you expect from Earthing.

If you do not have a grounded outlet, you will have to use a ground rod (Option # 2) or have an electrician connect your electrical outlet(s) to the Earth.

Option # 2 

Earthing sleep systems (sheets and recovery bag) come with a 12-inch long ground rod included. The Earthing mats do not include the ground rod. If you want to use a ground rod for use with a mat, it must be purchased separately. The ground rod costs $26.95 U.S.

The ground rods are inserted into the ground (dirt, garden bed) outside/below a window or door adjacent to where the Earthing product will be used inside. It is very simple to do. If there is only concrete and no adjacent Earth in which to put the ground rod then this is not an option for you. The Earthing ground rod has a 40 foot (13 meter) cord attached to it. You can run the cord under a window or door, just being careful not to sever the cord. The cord from the Earthing sheet or mat is connected to the ground rod cord, male end into the female end. Again, very simple. This is how you set up the ground rod.

The cords that come with each product can be connected to a grounded outlet (or outlet adapter, as described in Option # 1) or a ground rod. If additional length is needed, Earthing extension cords can also be purchased.

Available also are splitter cords, into which you can insert the cords from any two Earthing products. The splitter connects either to a wall outlet (or outlet adapter) or to the ground rod cord. All Earthing product connection cords contain a current limiting 100k resistor.

These products can all be seen in our earthing products store.

What is Earthing (Grounding)?

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Getting Started

I just started sleeping grounded and feel a bit strange. What could that be from?

Initially, some people may feel some temporary discomfort or even flu-like signs, pain or achiness. In practically all cases, this experience is fleeting. We believe it is the result of a normalization of the body’s “electrical system.” As the process gets underway, the body’s ability to release accumulated toxicity may improve and you could feel that as transient discomfort. Typically, after some initial adjustment, you start feeling better and more energized. The feeling might last a few days at the most but it will go away. If you are uncomfortable, stop grounding yourself for several days and then begin again, starting with shorter exposure and gradually increasing the exposure. In the majority of cases, no discomfort is felt at the beginning.

I have noticed tingling in my feet for the first few nights I’ve been sleeping grounded. Should I be concerned?

Many people feel tingling in the beginning. It’s a sign that the circulation is improving.

Can I over-Earth myself? I sleep on a full body Earthing sheet and also at times use the Earthing mat on the floor at my computer. I noticed that my toes and fingers have become very sensitive. Last night I did not earth myself and my toes are fine.

The question to ask is this: can you be barefoot on the Earth too much? The whole Earthing experience indoors is a replica of being barefoot on the Earth outside. Keep in mind that humans evolved walking, sitting, and sleeping on the Earth.
Different and strange sensations may occur in the beginning. We generally attribute them to a normalizing, detoxifying, and energizing process. Many systems are adjusting to the Earth’s energy, making all the gears and cogs more efficient, so to speak, and enhancing more efficient removal of toxins. These processes take different forms, and can take longer or shorter, depending on the individual.

If you are taking any medications, it is possible that the normalization process could be creating a situation where the level of dosage has become excessive. The body is functioning better, so you may need less of a particular medication. This is a definite possibility. If you suspect this to be the case you should consult with your doctor and discuss the possibility of reducing medication. Please refer to our Earthing reports on our website to read about Earthing and medication. The body takes as many electrons from the Earth as it needs. It uses up electrons in many metabolic processes, including the basic process of cellular energy production, so there is always a demand for more. If you are grounding yourself on a routine basis, you are, in a sense, topping up your tank.

Are there people who sleep grounded and don’t feel anything, or for whom grounding doesn’t work?

Everybody benefits in some way, but we are all different. The benefits can come quickly and dramatically, such as less pain and better sleep, or subtly and gradually over time. Often people who are very ill feel the difference most dramatically. Someone with radiant health and who sleeps well may not feel any difference, however, connecting to the Earth is helping to preserve and perpetuate good health. We regard Earthing as a natural form of anti-aging medicine, whether you feel it or not.

I am one of those electro-sensitive people you write about in the Earthing book. I have started sleeping grounded and the energy feels strange to me.

So-called electro-sensitive people report feeling strange energy in the beginning and some even say they feel ill. The energy they feel when grounded is simply Earth’s natural energy.

We regard these sensations generally as part of an adjustment/healing/detoxification process as the body normalizes and inflammation goes down. If the feeling is too uncomfortable, stop sleeping or working grounded. Re-start your grounding by spending a half hour or forty minutes, or even less, twice a day barefoot outside or in contact with an Earthing sheet, mat, or band inside your home. Then very slowly increase your exposure. In this way, you may often be able to work your way gradually to sleeping grounded for six to eight hours at night. Just go very slow and at your own pace. Some electro-sensitive people have found that they receive positive benefits just from minimum exposure to Earthing.

I don’t want to spend any money for any grounding device when I can make one myself. All I have to do it get a ground rod, some 20 gauge wire, and then wrap the wire around my ankle or foot at night.

You can certainly do it. People have done it any times. However, it is not particularly comfortable. You could possibly cut off circulation if you wrap the wire too tight around your extremity. Secondly, a sharp end on a wire wrapped around the ankle could tear the sheet.

Why should I buy any grounding product, like a sheet or a mat, when I can simply go barefoot?

You are absolutely correct. Barefoot is the natural way to go. And also sleep on the ground. This is the way humans evolved. In so-called “developed societies,” we wear insulating shoes and we sleep on elevated beds. However, most people won’t regularly go barefoot, if at all, or consider sleeping on the ground, and certainly not in the cold winter months. So Earthing products were created to address the issue of comfort, convenience, reality, and practicality. The products are basically extension cords. They bring the Earth’s energy outside into the office and home inside — the equivalent of being barefoot outside while you are inside. They were developed to accommodate the research process and to satisfy a continually growing demand of people wanting to sleep, work, or relax grounded for all the reasons we present in the book

I started sleeping on an Earthing sheet and noticed that I feel warmer. What’s going on?

Contact with the Earth appears to create warmth in the extremities and body as a result of better circulation and relaxation. We have seen people quickly develop a rosier color in their skin. Many people have also reported feeling some initial tingling in the extremities.

Can I use a sheet over my Ground Therapy mat?

The closer to direct skin contact, the better. A grounded connection can still be made when a thin sheet is present thanks to the skin’s natural moisture acting as a conductor.

I enjoy the feel of plush cotton sheets. Can I put the Earthing half-sheet underneath my regular sheet?

Sorry, but if you do you will not receive the benefits of Earthing. You want some part of your body to be in direct contact with the grounded half-sheet: the skin of your body touching the conductive sheet. That’s how you absorb the energy from the Earth and how you get the benefits. If you have a grounded half-sheet, put it over your regular bottom sheet.

Can I wear pajamas when I sleep on an Earthing sheet?

Yes, as long as some bare skin comes in direct contact with the sheet, such as your feet. If some part of your body does not directly contact the sheet, it will require some moisture for the direct current of the Earth to flow through the fabric into your body. For some people this occurs naturally during the night when moisture from the body creates the necessary conductivity. Best, however, is having bare skin contact. Some people have asked if there is any type of pajama fabric that will not work with the sheet. The answer is that the fabric of the pajamas is irrelevant. The only factor that’s important is direct skin contact with the Earthing sheet.

I like to wear socks to bed. Do my bare feet have to touch the Earthing bed sheet?

It is best to have your bare feet in contact with the grounded sheet. The Earth’s energy is conducted most optimally via bare skin contact. However, if you must wear socks, try to have some skin — bare legs or another body part — touch the Earthing sheet. You can place the Earthing product in your bed wherever it is most comfortable and effective for you. If you wear socks to bed because of cold feet, you will often find that your feet warm up naturally from improved circulation when you sleep grounded.

Can I wear socks when using an Earthing mat on the floor?

Yes, but direct skin contact is best. Feet naturally sweat and will hydrate socks, making the socks somewhat conductive.

Earthing and Health

How does Earthing help me feel better and my body’s ability to heal?

Pain and diseases other disturbances in our bodies are often caused by chronic inflammation. Such inflammation is, in turn, caused by positively-charged molecules called free radicals. When you make direct contact with the Earth, either by being barefoot outside or via a conductive sheet or mat indoors, the negatively-charged electrons from the Earth are absorbed into your body and reduce the free radicals and inflammation. This is our theory and it is supported by our research and feedback from thousands of people who use Earthing products.

This benefit of Earthing is very important because medical research has found that many of the chronic and debilitating diseases of our time have the same cause: chronic inflammation. Scientists now realize that pain and disease arise in our bodies where an inflammatory response has taken place, but the inflammation has not completely stopped after the healing process. A low level of chronic inflammation can continue for years, damaging normal tissues and wasting energy.
The human immune system evolved over a long span of time during which we were in virtually constant barefoot contact with the Earth. In our modern society, humans no longer walk barefoot. We wear shoes that insulate us from the Earth’s energy. In recent decades the incidence of chronic diseases, allergies, auto-immune conditions, and insomnia has skyrocketed in modern societies. One overlooked reason for this situation is that the immune system began functioning less efficiently as humans increasingly separated themselves from the Earth’s energy.

In your clinical studies, the physiological effects of Earthing have been almost immediate. Can you explain this?

The body is a good conductor of free electrons. It is a repeated observation that Earthing produces beneficial effects very rapidly. When people are grounded through the feet (either by standing barefoot on the Earth or via grounded EKG patches in experiments), they sometimes feel a tingling sensation moving up the legs. We associate this with the apparent movement of electrons up into the body. In our research, we have “clocked” the speed of this activity. It takes about 20 to 30 minutes to reach sites of pain and inflammation and then begin neutralizing the inflammation. When a study participant says that pain has started to ease we regard this as a sign that the electrons have arrived at the pain site and have started to “go to work.”

Electrons may even be attracted to those sites because electrons have a negative charge and free radicals, involved in the inflammatory process, have a positive charge. Once the free radicals are neutralized, we hypothesize that the destructive action on healthy tissues is abated, leading to a reduction of pain, sometimes quite fast and dramatic.
As soon as a person comes in direct contact with the Earth the electrons inside the body “feel” the effect of the ground potential of the Earth’s electric field. We discuss this—the so-called “straw-bead” effect—in Appendix B of our “Earthing” book. The body settles and equalizes electrically to the ground potential almost instantaneously. The information that a new potential has been established in the body is transmitted, also almost instantaneously, to the autonomic nervous system, which then responds by “adjusting” electrical activities throughout the body. Muscle tension and skin conductance, and maybe also brain waves, are adjusted in a few seconds at the most.

Can Earthing add years to my life?

We don’t know the answer to that question, however Earthing does look promising as a powerful anti-aging strategy. Many researchers have documented the deterioration of the immune system as we age. The name for this is immunosenescence. A prominent medical theory states that one of the causes of general deterioration during aging is free radical damage, technically known as oxidative stress, and resulting in injury to cells. Since Earthing greatly reduces oxidative stress and inflammation it is expected to increase life expectancy and improve health. There is no question that maintaining a functionally “young” immune system is an excellent strategy for preserving the quality of life and slowing senescence.

How much time do I need to be grounded in order to feel results?

When you come in direct contact with the Earth there is an immediate and natural shift in your body. We have measured these changes in the laboratory and they clearly indicate that the body is functioning better. People with pain often feel relief in varying degrees — from a little to a lot, and to even disappearance of the pain — just by planting their bare feet on the ground outside for a half hour or forty minutes twice a day. Sleeping grounded through the night produces many beneficial results, such as better and deeper sleep, more energy during the day, and less pain. Again, the degree of benefits run from slight to dramatic, from immediate to gradual. Some chronically ill people benefit from additional grounding hours during the day, such as by being barefoot or using an Earthing mat or body band. From the thousands of cases that Clint Ober and others have observed over the past decade, the more severe the health problem the more dramatic the improvement seen with grounding in general. Even in end-of-life situations associated with pain, it has been reported that individuals generally have less pain.

How long will it take to relieve my symptoms?

Everybody is different and symptoms are different and with different causes. Earthing does not cure anything. Contact with the Earth helps restores the body’s natural electrical balance and reduce stress and inflammation. By doing these things, Earthing can have both short-term and long-term effects, and sometimes quite dramatic and quick. We have had many reports of improved sleep and decreased stress after only one or two nights of sleeping grounded. If the cause of sleep difficulties is long-term insomnia with underlying health issues, improvement often takes more time.

Medical thermal imaging has shown decreased inflammation in minutes after people are grounded. In a study conducted by the California Institute for Human Science, instantaneous changes in brain waves and muscle tension were documented when the Earth connection was introduced.

Clearly, lasting changes in stress, sleep, pain and body rhythms occur when we are connected to the Earth for longer segments of time on a repeated basis. Nighttime sleep, when the body is most receptive to healing, is the most beneficial time. In a general sense, just as you can’t direct healthy food, air, or water to create specific desired results in one function or part of your body, the body takes in the natural energy of the Earth and uses it as needed. You may experience benefits for certain issues you were not even expecting improvements in and there may be no change in other areas. Generally, the longer you continue to use Earthing, the more benefits and vitality you can expect to see.

I feel better when I sleep grounded. What happens if I stop sleeping grounded?

Over the years, we have heard from many people who experienced relief and improvements and then stopped Earthing. Their gains began eroding. We advise people to make Earthing part of a healthy lifestyle routine and keep grounding themselves. Don’t stop. We all evolved connected to the Earth. Staying connected may be the difference between feeling good and feeling bad. Earthing is not just for regaining well-being, but also for maintaining it.

I’ve got pain. How can Earthing help me?

Go outside and stand, sit, or walk on the ground barefoot for at least a half hour or so. In that time you may notice that your pain is less. We believe this effect comes from the electrons that flow into your body from the Earth. Inside the body they act to reduce inflammation. There are also “barefoot substitutes,” Earthing products you can sleep on, work on, and sit on inside your home or place of work. Think of them as extension cords connecting you in your house or office to the Earth outside.

Do Earthing products need to be applied directly where I have pain in my body?

Our bodies conduct the Earth’s energy. If any part of your body is in contact with the earth, or an Earthing product, all of your body becomes equalized with the energy of the Earth. We have observed, however, that applying the Earthing product near the location of an injury or pain may accelerate the decrease in local inflammation and pain.

I have two stents. Could sleeping grounded do any damage to the stents?

Not any more than sleeping or walking barefoot on the Earth would cause damage.

Can “electro-hypersensitive” people ground themselves?

Yes, and it is good for them if they do. Sometimes such individuals report feeling strange energy in the beginning and some even say they feel ill. The energy they feel when grounded is simply Earth’s natural energy.

We regard these sensations generally as part of an adjustment/healing/detoxification process as the body normalizes and inflammation goes down. If the feeling is too uncomfortable, stop sleeping or working grounded. Re-start your grounding by spending a half hour or forty minutes, or even less, twice a day barefoot outside or in contact with an Earthing mat or band inside your home. Then very slowly increase your exposure. In this way, you may often be able to work your way gradually to sleeping grounded. Just go very slow and at your own pace. Some electro-hypersensitive people have found that they receive positive benefits just from minimum exposure to Earthing.

Is it OK for me to do Earthing if I take different medications?

We recommend you have a conversation with your doctor first.  He or she, however, may not know anything about Earthing.  Earthing makes the physiology function more efficiently, and this improvement has the potential to affect medication dosages.  We know that Earthing has a blood thinning effect, and may improve thyroid function, blood sugar, and blood pressure, and thus the dosages of medication may need to be closely monitored and adjusted.  However, such interactions have not been measured in studies.  For that reason, we strongly advise informing your doctor and following his or her guidance.  Please read our report on Earthing and medication.

How does Earthing help you feel better and heal faster?

Pain, disease, and other disturbances are often caused by chronic inflammation. Such inflammation is, in turn, caused by positively charged molecules called free radicals. When you make direct contact with the Earth, either by being barefoot outside or using an Earthing product indoors, electrons from the Earth enter your body and reduce the free radicals and inflammation.  At this point, the concept is theoretical, but supported by our research and feedback from thousands of people who use Earthing products.

In any case, the effect of Earthing is significant because medical research has found that many of the chronic and debilitating diseases of our time have the same cause: chronic inflammation.  Scientists now realize that pain and disease arise in our bodies where an inflammatory response has taken place, but the inflammation has not completely stopped after the healing process. A low level of chronic inflammation can continue for years, damaging normal tissues and wasting energy.

The human immune system evolved over a long span of time during which we were in virtually constant skin contact with the Earth. In our modern society, humans no longer walk barefoot. We wear shoes that insulate us from the Earth’s energy. In recent decades the incidence of chronic diseases, allergies, auto-immune conditions, and insomnia has soared. One overlooked possibility for this alarming increase is that the immune system is functioning less efficiently as most humans today live ungrounded.

How fast does Earthing work in the body? What about symptom relief?

Pain, disease, and other disturbances are often caused by chronic inflammation. Such inflammation is, in turn, caused by positively charged molecules called free radicals. When you make direct contact with the Earth, either by being barefoot outside or using an Earthing product indoors, electrons from the Earth enter your body and reduce the free radicals and inflammation.  At this point, the concept is theoretical, but supported by our research and feedback from thousands of people who use Earthing products.

We have repeatedly observed Earthing producing beneficial effects quickly.  Keep in mind that the body is a good conductor of free electrons. We have seen that when people are grounded in experiments with the use, for instance, of conductive patches placed on the bottom of the feet (simulating standing barefoot on the Earth), they sometimes feel a tingling sensation moving up the legs. We associate this with the movement of electrons from the Earth up into the body.  People say they often feel the same sensation when walking barefoot along the wet sand at the beach.

In our research, we have “clocked” the speed of this activity. It takes about 20 to 30 minutes to reach sites of pain and inflammation, such as a shoulder. A painful knee would respond faster as it is closer to the grounded feet.  When a study participant says that pain has started to ease we regard this as a sign that the electrons have arrived at the pain site and are “going to work.”

The influx of electrons gives a powerful boost to the body’s antioxidant and anti-inflammatory defenses.  Like reinforcements, we believe they rapidly neutralize free radical molecules that create chronic inflammation, arresting the destructive action on healthy tissues, and leading to a reduction of pain.

Medical thermal imaging has shown decreased inflammation in minutes after people are grounded.  You can see examples of such decreased inflammation in several thermal imaging studies on Earthing.   Here, here, and here.

There is an instant and natural shift in your body when you become grounded. We have measured the changes in the laboratory and they clearly indicate that the body is functioning better. People with pain often feel relief in varying degrees − from a little to a lot, and to even disappearance of the pain − just by planting their bare feet on the ground outside for a half hour or forty minutes.  Sleeping grounded through the night produces many beneficial results, such as better and deeper sleep, more energy during the day, and less pain. Again, the degree of benefits vary from slight to dramatic, from immediate to gradual.

Everyone is different.  Symptoms are different. Causes are different.

Some chronically ill people benefit from additional grounding hours during the day, such as by being barefoot or using an Earthing mat or body band. From the thousands of cases that Clint Ober and others have observed for years, the more severe the health problem the more dramatic the improvement seen with grounding in general. Even in end-of-life situations associated with pain, it has been reported that individuals generally have less pain.

We have had many reports of improved sleep and decreased stress after only one or two nights of sleeping grounded. If the cause of sleep difficulties is long-term insomnia with underlying health issues, improvement may stretch out.   In a study conducted by the California Institute for Human Science, instantaneous changes in brain waves and muscle tension were documented with grounding.

Clearly, lasting changes in stress, sleep, pain, and body rhythms occur when we ground ourselves routinely.

Earthing does not cure anything.  It restores a natural electrical balance in the body and reduces stress and inflammation. Earthing can thus have both short-term and long-term effects.

Can Earthing products be used by somebody who has a pacemaker?

There is no evidence that Earthing interferes with the function of a pacemaker. Earthing is the same as walking barefoot on the Earth. Many people with pacemakers sleep grounded and experience the benefits of their medical device and Earthing. To our knowledge, no one with a pacemaker was advised not to walk barefoot outdoors. Just check with your doctor initially and monitor yourself for any symptoms.

Can I get too much of the Earth’s energy by sleeping grounded every night?

Throughout most of history we walked barefoot and slept on the ground. We were directly connected to the Earth almost 24/7. That’s what our bodies are used to. Our body knows exactly what to do with what the Earth provides for us. When we connect to the Earth the amount of the electrons we absorb is governed by the amount our body needs to balance the electrical charge of our body. It is always the perfect amount.

I am not feeling any difference from Earthing. Could it be because I am very healthy already?

Most dramatic results are felt by those who are sick and depleted. For healthy folks, we regard Earthing as a significant anti-aging strategy. But our investigations support the idea of staying grounded not just to feel better, but for prevention and optimum health.

I have battled with insomnia for a long time. I got the Earthing sheet, and during the first week, I slept so much better, but then started tossing and turning again.

Sleep is so subjective, and the quality is often related to life’s stresses. No matter how grounded somebody is, stressful situations can readily impact sleep. Drinking a lot of caffeine or alcohol in the evening could also interfere with sleep.

Can grounding help stroke patients?

No studies have been done to determine this possibility. In a general sense, if you can increase circulation and oxygen delivery in the body, you can get an improvement. Earthing research has demonstrated improved circulation and oxygen uptake.

Can grounding help blood pressure?

Again, no specific studies on this have been done. Anecdotally, we have heard from many people whose blood pressure numbers have improved, and who have better control of their blood pressure, after starting Earthing. Some have been able to lower the dosage of their medication. If you take medication and experience better control, you should inform your physician and ask about the possibility of lowering your dosage.

Earthing Products

Which side of my Ground Therapy Sleep Mat is the conductive side?

Your mat transfers the ground energy using a conductive carbon leatherette. This material is the shiny, leather-like side of your mat and is what should be in closest to direct skin contact.

Can I use a sheet over my Ground Therapy mat?

The closer to direct skin contact, the better. A grounded connection can still be made when a thin sheet is present thanks to the skin’s natural moisture acting as a conductor.

How do I preserve and care for my Ground Therapy Sleep Mats?

Ground Therapy products are quite durable. They may be simply wiped clean with soap and water, and if handled with care, should last for years to come.

Can you use two Earthing products at the same time, such as a mat and a patch?

You can use multiple grounding products at the same time, but for safety sake you should only plug them into one grounding source, either a grounded outlet or a ground rod.   Not one to the outlet and the other to a ground rod.  The reason is to avoid the risk of a shock in case of a surge due to a power outage or a thunderstorm.

Here’s the situation: Your house/building electrical system is connected to, and stabilized by, a ground rod in the Earth, usually located under the electrical panel. A loop wire (also known as the ground wire), runs through your system, and you connect to it whenever you insert your Earthing cord into the third hole (the ground port) of the outlet.  If you plug your Earthing sheet, for instance, into the outlet, you are grounded via the house ground rod.

Let’s say you also want to sleep with a patch or a band.  You have an Earthing ground rod and you are thinking about using it now, and connecting the patch or band cord to the attached cord of the ground rod while at the same time you have the sheet connected to the outlet.

Don’t!  It’s not a good idea.

If you were to do it, you would be creating what’s called a “ground loop,” meaning a closed circuit − a closed loop with the ground closing the loop.  When you place an Earthing ground rod into the soil, usually it is not close to the house ground rod.  There are differences in size, depth, and soil conditions between the two rods that create an electrical resistance between the two rod locations.  This means a different “electric potential,” that is, level of electrical energy, and the difference would generate a current flow in the closed circuit of which you are a part. So the current flows through you.

In general, you wouldn’t feel anything unusual and you wouldn’t be harming yourself.  But there would be risk from a shock, for instance, when a power surge or a thunderstorm occur.  In that case, the difference in electric potential can get very high, reaching even several hundred or even thousands of volts, and create a very strong current enough for you to feel as a mild shock.

All Earthing product cords have built-in resistors that protect you.  If it were not for the presence of the resistor, the shock you feel would be much larger.

The bottom line: If you use more than one Earthing product at one time, connect them to the same grounding source, either to a grounded outlet or to the ground rod cord.  Not one to the outlet and the other to the ground rod.

You can certainly plug two single Earthing cords into the two receptacles of a standard grounded outlet or even into two different outlets.  Or you can use an Earthing splitter cord with two terminals into which you can plug two Earthing product cords.

It should be noted that newer houses have ground rods under the house at several points below the pathway of the ground wire, resulting in an improved grounding system.  Older grounding systems may have wires with a volt or two, because of the length of the wire and a slight build-up of resistance.  Electro-hypersensitive people may feel even that low voltage, and are advised in that case to connect their Earthing product to a dedicated Earthing ground rod planted in the soil outside an adjacent window, if that is feasible).

I have used various therapeutic systems that simulate the frequencies of the Earth. How is this different?

Such devices utilize pulsed electromagnet fields (PEMF) and indeed have many benefits. These fields, however, do not contain any electrons, and thus cannot deliver electrons to the body as does Earthing.  Earthing products conduct the electrons of the Earth (and their vibratory frequencies) into your body and serve as extension cords from the Earth to you. The electrons and their frequencies include all of the subtleties inherent in Nature that our bodies have attuned to throughout history. Earthing is totally natural.

I don’t want to spend any money for any grounding device when I can make one myself. All I have to do it get a ground rod, some 20 gauge wire, and then wrap the wire around my ankle or foot at night.

You can certainly do it. People have done it any times. However, it is not particularly comfortable. You could possibly cut off circulation if you wrap the wire too tight around your extremity. Secondly, a sharp end on a wire wrapped around the ankle could tear the sheet.

Why should I buy any grounding product, like a sheet or a mat, when I can simply go barefoot?

You are absolutely correct. Barefoot is the natural way to go. And also sleep on the ground. This is the way humans evolved. In so-called “developed societies,” we wear insulating shoes and we sleep on elevated beds. However, most people won’t regularly go barefoot, if at all, or consider sleeping on the ground, and certainly not in the cold winter months. So Earthing products were created to address the issue of comfort, convenience, reality, and practicality. The products are basically extension cords. They bring the Earth’s energy outside into the office and home inside — the equivalent of being barefoot outside while you are inside. They were developed to accommodate the research process and to satisfy a continually growing demand of people wanting to sleep, work, or relax grounded for all the reasons we present in the book.

I started sleeping on an Earthing sheet and noticed that I feel warmer. What’s going on?

Contact with the Earth appears to create warmth in the extremities and body as a result of better circulation and relaxation. We have seen people quickly develop a rosier color in their skin. Many people have also reported feeling some initial tingling in the extremities.

I enjoy the feel of plush cotton sheets. Can I put the Earthing half-sheet underneath my regular sheet?

Sorry, but if you do you will not receive the benefits of Earthing. You want some part of your body to be in direct contact with the grounded half-sheet: the skin of your body touching the conductive sheet. That’s how you absorb the energy from the Earth and how you get the benefits. If you have a grounded half-sheet, put it over your regular bottom sheet.

Can I wear pajamas when I sleep on an Earthing sheet?

Yes, as long as some bare skin comes in direct contact with the sheet, such as your feet. If some part of your body does not directly contact the sheet, it will require some moisture for the direct current of the Earth to flow through the fabric into your body. For some people this occurs naturally during the night when moisture from the body creates the necessary conductivity. Best, however, is having bare skin contact. Some people have asked if there is any type of pajama fabric that will not work with the sheet. The answer is that the fabric of the pajamas is irrelevant. The only factor that’s important is direct skin contact with the Earthing sheet.

I like to wear socks to bed. Do my bare feet have to touch the Earthing bed sheet?

It is best to have your bare feet in contact with the grounded sheet. The Earth’s energy is conducted most optimally via bare skin contact. However, if you must wear socks, try to have some skin — bare legs or another body part — touch the Earthing sheet. You can place the Earthing product in your bed wherever it is most comfortable and effective for you. If you wear socks to bed because of cold feet, you will often find that your feet warm up naturally from improved circulation when you sleep grounded.

Can I wear socks when using an Earthing mat on the floor?

Yes, but direct skin contact is best. Feet naturally sweat and will hydrate socks, making the socks somewhat conductive.

Is it OK to use an Earthing sleeping product along with an electric blanket or on an electrically heated mattress pad or waterbed?

There is nothing wrong with using an Earthing sleep product with any electrical devices as long as those devices are in good working order.

How are the Earthing sheets different from an electric blanket?

Earthing sheets do not run on electricity. Nor do they heat up as does an electric blanket. They only conduct the subtle energy from the ground. They do not conduct the electrical energy that flows in the electrical system of your house and powers your lights and appliances. If you want to know about safety issues related to the use of electric blankets, visit the following website:

http://www.electricblanketinstitute.com/safety.html There are no additional safety issues regarding the use of an electric blanket when sleeping grounded. Earthing product cords contain a current limiting resistor that prevent any harmful effect should an electrical event such as a short develop in an electric blanket.

How long will an Earthing half-sheet last before it wears out?

Sheets made with cotton, polyester, and conductive silver fiber have withstood rigorous testing conducted by an independent testing lab. After 100 wash/dry cycles, the conductive silver fibers show virtually no breakage or wear. When cared for properly, your half-sheet should last as long as any good quality bed sheet. It is also recommended that no body lotions or creams be applied before bedtime to any part of the body that will come in direct contact with the sheet. The reason for this is that the creams can easily become absorbed into the sheets. The oils they contain become oxidized by the air and can diminish the conductivity of the silver threads.

Is the Earthing half-sheet washable? What about care and cleaning?

Your halfsheet may be laundered just as you would wash other bedding, using a gentle wash cycle and a mild detergent. Low-heat drying is recommended. However, NO chlorine bleach or fabric softener should be used. When necessary, use hydrogen peroxide-based non-bleach to remove stains and/or to whiten your sheet.

Are the half-sheet threads really silver? Why?

Any metallic material will conduct the flow of electrons. Earthing products utilize carbon or silver as the conductive agent. Silver is highly conductive and very strong, allowing it to hold up well with frequent use and washings. Moreover, it is inherently anti-microbial.

Can you use an Earthing sleep system over a mattress pad that has magnets embedded in it?

There is no problem with using an Earthing sheet over a magnetic mattress pad. The magnets in the magnetic mattress pad produce a static magnetic field that would naturally go through and extend beyond the surface of the Earthing sheet similar to the way it passes through a regular sheet.

My dog sleeps in my bed with me and sits at my feet when I am at my desk. Is it safe for him to touch the Earthing product?

Yes. Animals naturally want to spend time in contact with the Earth. Most indoor pets share our lifestyle causing them to be separated from direct contact with the Earth. People report that pets indoors are attracted to grounding sheets and mats.

How do you clean an Earthing mat?

Mats can be cleaned with ordinary dish soap and water.

Earthing and Electrical, Connection & Conductivity Issues

How much “current” is actually being transferred from the Earth's surface via the wire to a grounding product?

There is no constant measurable current flow beyond the equalization charge that is instantly transferred to the body when a person lies on a conductive sheet or makes contact with another type of Earthing product. We are talking about numbers of electrons in the trillions and quadrillions. Once the body is grounded, the rate of influx changes, and the body will only absorb that amount of electrons needed to maintain the same electrical potential as the Earth and to restore what is lost in the body’s metabolic processes. It may take many quadrillions to get the body stable. As long as a person continues to be grounded, the body can use the Earth as a natural reservoir, or “power source,” of electrons to maintain a “topped up” homeostatic level that compensates for any attrition of internal electrons. With connection to the Earth, it would thus seem hard for the body to develop any electron deficiency, and, theoretically, any chronic inflammation. The actual amount of charge (electrons transferred) would vary significantly based upon location of the body above the Earth (voltage) and any potential electrostatic charge that has built up on the body. The continuing amount of electrons absorbed by the body to reduce metabolic and immune response free radicals would also vary significantly between people depending upon their life style and activity. This is all extremely difficult, if not impossible, to measure.

Could there be anything detrimental from the level of ground currents in an urban setting because of high use of electrical grids? Do we have to worry about the electrical fields around us and the impact of our environment on our physical body?

For a detailed answer to the question, read the Earthing Institute statement on Understanding Earthing (grounding) In brief, there is a big misconception regarding ground currents. Some people believe that the electricity that goes from the power plant to your house, lights your light bulb and appliances, and then goes out the other side of the wiring (neutral) into the Earth and returns back to the power company. That’s not true. The alternating current electricity that powers your home and office actually doesn’t go anywhere, and certainly not into the ground.

Ground currents are generated primarily by geophysical events, like lightning and when the sun shines on the Earth. These events naturally electrify the Earth with a subtle ground current called DC, for direct current.

Please keep in mind that the Earth is infinitely large. When you make direct physical contact with the Earth, such as by being barefoot outside or sleeping on a conductive sheet inside that is connected to the ground, you and your body become one—electrically speaking. You are conductive and you become an extension of the Earth.
The Earth is ground. Ground provides electrical stability worldwide for our grid systems and everything electrical in our homes, businesses, and industry.

We live in an infinite sea of electromagnetic frequencies ranging from airplane communications to garage door openers to cell phones and radio stations. They are all around us. When you are insulated from the Earth, that is, ungrounded, all these frequencies can perturb the electrons of your body and interfere with normal electron transfer activity going on in the body. When you are connected to the Earth, you are at one with the Earth and have an infinite supply of electrons. The man-made environmental frequencies can’t perturb the Earth…or, by extension, you. So you reduce the perturbation of your own cells by connecting your body to the Earth.

If you are not grounded, it is a good idea to reduce your exposure to these kinds of frequencies. Clear out unnecessary electrical devices and cords around you, especially in the bedroom. Some people go to the extreme and turn off the power in their homes. That’s well and good, but not practical. The key is to identify and reduce the exposure. If you aren’t grounded, at least de-electrify your bedroom.

Before I buy any Earthing products, should I have an electrician come to my house first and see if it is grounded properly?

(North America) If you have an older house, built before the 1960s, and all the outlets do not have a third hole (ground port) then you will either need to use a ground rod or call an electrician to do some updating on your electrical system.
In any case, Earthing products come with an outlet checker that is very simple to use. You just stick it in your wall outlet and it lights up if you have a good solid ground. Then you are good to go with the products. You just plug them right into the third hole and forget about it.

Outside of North America, you will also have to use a ground rod if your home’s electrical system is not properly grounded. If it is grounded, you will have to obtain a grounded North American adapter for your outlets that will accommodate standard three-pin North American type electrical appliances.

Do Earthing products run on electricity?

No. They simply pick up the Earth’s energy through the ground port of a properly grounded outlet or from a ground rod placed directly in the Earth. The energy passes through a cord to the conductive Earthing mat, sheet, or band specially designed for human grounding. When your body comes in contact with the Earthing product you absorb the Earth’s energy. Earthing products are like “barefoot substitutes,” enabling you to receive the outside energy of the Earth inside your home or office.

Can I become electrocuted by an Earthing product?

No. When you plug in the cord of an Earthing sheet or mat into an electrical outlet, the plug, cord, and product are designed to only conduct the ground energy, from the ground port in the outlet. It does not conduct the electrical power that operates your lights and appliances in the house.

Some people claim you can harm yourself by grounding indoors in the presence of electromagnetic fields (EMFs), and that when grounded your body becomes an antenna drawing in EMFs

Such claims are utter nonsense without any evidence and reflect ignorance about Earthing. Three grounding studies have demonstrated the clear safety of grounding indoors, one of them a study done with hospitalized premature infants in a setting of high EMFs.  To read a short article about these studies and the safety of Earthing, click here.  And click here for a short reply to the notion that grounding indoors turns you into an antenna for EMFs.  We believe that people become antennas for EMFs when they are ungrounded.

Are you grounded in water – the ocean, a lake, your swimming pool, your bathtub?

Pure water (distilled, snow), with no minerals or salts dissolved in it, is a poor conductor of electricity.  When certain minerals, such as salt, are added to pure water, the water becomes conductive as a result of dissolution that breaks the salt into its components, electrically-positive sodium and negative chlorine.  Ocean water is full of dissolved salts and minerals, and represents a superb conductive medium for grounding.

Lakes and rivers contain less minerals and salts than the ocean in general but they are still good conductors.  Whether you are standing on the lake or river bottom, or floating or swimming on the surface, you will be no doubt grounded.

Mineral hot springs are famous for their healing and relaxing effects. This is believed to be due to the mineral content of the water.  However, since the water is conductive, you are grounding when you soak in hot springs.

Swimming pool?  It is hard to say unless you have a salt water pool and the water is in contact with some metal part, like a drain pipe going into the ground.  Normal tap water in a pool would be conductive, but again whether you are grounded or not depends on whether the water has contact with a metal fixture connected to the ground.

In your home, bathtubs and showers involve tap water that contains minerals and salts and so is conductive.  If you take a bath and there is a metal part in contact with the water and that metal part is also in contact with some metal pipe going down into the ground, you are grounded!  The same is true with showers. If the water you use to shower comes from metal pipes in contact with the earth, the water you shower with is grounded and will ground you.

My husband told me that if there is a short anywhere in our home electrical system, all the electricity would flow through the ground wire into the ground and that since we were using a grounded sheet connected to that wire we would be electrocuted.

Not at all. If there is a short to the ground it would immediately trip all of the breakers on that circuit. Furthermore, the ground cords on authorized Earthing products have a built-in safety feature (a 100k ohm resistor) that prevents current from flowing through.

Do I have to be concerned about being hit by lightning during a thunderstorm if I am grounded in my home?

Lightning is a massive natural phenomenon that is unpredictable and challenging to totally protect against. It is poorly understood. Homes are rarely hit by lightning. When this happens, the lightning usually takes the path of least resistance to the ground, such as large conductive systems like the plumbing pipes, electrical wiring network, or telephone and cable TV lines, all of which are directly grounded to the Earth.

The National Safety Council reports that the odds of dying from a lightning strike in one year are 1 in 6 million (www.nsc.org/research/odds.aspx). To put this in perspective, the chance of being hit and killed by an automobile as a pedestrian in the same period is 1 in fifty thousand—a risk 120 times greater. What these statistics suggest is that being hit by lightning is rather unlikely. However, follow standard lightning safety guidelines as directed by National Weather Service (www.lightningsafety.noaa.gov) if you live in a lightning-prone area. Disconnect your Earthing device and don’t use it during lightning and thunderstorms.

How do I know if I need a ground rod or a plug-in connection?

In North America, most modern homes have a functional electrical ground system that interfaces with the Earthing plug-in cord. You just insert the prong end of the cord into the ground port (third hole) of the wall outlet. If your home was built before the 1960s and has not been electrically re-wired, you may require a ground rod or professional installation of a dedicated grounding connection to the Earth. If you are unsure, have an electrician check your home for the presence of a functional ground system or use a commercially available outlet checker.

If I place a ground rod in the earth outdoors is it OK if it gets rained on?

Totally OK. The presence of moisture increases the flow of electrons from the Earth. That’s why it’s great to stand or walk barefoot in damp grass or in the surf or wet sand at the beach. If you live in a very dry climate and are using a ground rod, try to place it in a spot where there is some moisture, perhaps from sprinklers. You can even water the ground rod every week or so, if you like to keep the soil moist.

Who can I have drill holes in the wall for me so I can use a ground rod?

A handyman or an electrician can easily drill a hole through the wall, and seal it properly, near where you want to use your Earthing product. You then insert the ground rod in the Earth as near as possible to the hole, making sure the ground rod wire is not located where someone can trip over it. Then run the wire through the hole in the wall. Snap the other end onto the Earthing product. If you don’t want to go to the expense of having someone drill a hole for you, simply run the wire from the ground rod outside under an adjacent window or door yourself.

I live in an old apartment building without grounded electrical outlets and I cannot place a ground rod outside in the Earth. What can I do?

If you don’t mind a wire running through your apartment, you could connect your Earthing product to the cold water pipe under your bathroom sink. The pipe is part of the building’s water supply system, which originates underground, and is thus grounded. Meanwhile, try to spend some regular barefoot time out-of-doors if possible and consider using an Earthing mat in your office or place of work if practical.

How do I use the outlet checker that came with my Earthing system?

In North America, insert the outlet checker into a wall socket that has a third hole (ground port). Two orange lights on the outlet checker indicate the presence of a proper ground. If there is no third hole, the outlet is not grounded. If you live outside of North America, insert the outlet checker into an appropriate grounded adapter that fits into a grounded socket.

Once the Earthing product is plugged into a grounded outlet should I always leave it plugged in?

Yes.  As long as the outlet is grounded and you can insert the cord into the ground hole.

Can you plug the Earthing cord into the ground (Earth) hole of an outlet while there is an ungrounded lamp or some other appliance plugged in?

Yes. To clean or wash the Earthing product, you simply unsnap the cord from the product. There is no need to remove the plug-in end of the cord from the outlet unless you want to use the product elsewhere.

Is there a safety risk of being in contact with an Earthing system while using electrical or electronic devices?

Earthing products are designed with built-in user safety. First, an electrical outlet tester is supplied with each product to verify that an outlet is properly wired and that the outlet has a working ground. The product ground cords are designed to provide a safe soft ground utilizing a built-in (molded in) in-line current limiting 100kohm resistor. In the event that a short develops in an electrical device that a person is in contact with while grounded the built-in resistor limits the current flow to a safe level. The accepted safe current limit of 5-8mA is defined as “sensation of shock not painful; individuals can let go at will.” The human body threshold of sensation is 1mA. The electrical calculation is current=volts/resistance (I=V/R). R = Rresistor + Rbody. Typical body resistance is 10k when wet and much higher when dry. However, to be conservative, using Rbody=0, Rres=100kohm, V=130volts; then maximum current I=130volts/100,000ohm=1.3mA; well below the accepted safety limit of 5mA and most likely barely perceptible.

If the power goes off in the house, can you still be grounded?

Earthing doesn’t “run” on electricity. Your Earthing product is connected to the energy of the Earth, not to the electricity that operates your lights and appliances. If you plug your Earthing product into the ground (earth) port of your wall outlet, you are simply making contact with the ground (earth) wire in that hole that connects to other outlets in your house and is attached to a large ground rod outside. The ground rod receives the natural energy that flows through the Earth’s surface and stabilizes your electrical system. Whether your power is on or off, doesn’t matter. As long as you have contact with the Earth, by being barefoot outside, or using an Earthing product indoors that is connected to the Earth, either via a grounded (earthed) wall outlet or a separate ground rod outside, you are grounded.

What is the best floor in a house for grounding purposes?

Wood or vinyl are not conductive.  Floors made of these materials will not ground you. If your floor has unsealed concrete or stone built directly on the Earth, it is likely to be conductive and ground you. Unsealed/unpainted tile directly attached to a concrete slab would likely permit grounding as well.  But tiles with a glazed finish will likely not, nor tiles applied over plywood or some other kind of wood, plastic, or vinyl understructure.  Conductivity will also be negatively affected if petrochemical bonding material has been used to adhere the tile. You can check a floor’s conductivity with the use of a continuity tester available at earthingcanada.ca.

Are all the outlets in my home grounded if one of them is grounded?

No. In North America, all kitchens and bathrooms must have grounded outlets but the bedrooms and other rooms in the house do not necessarily have a grounded outlet even if they have a three-prong outlet. You must test any individual outlet for a proper ground if you plan to use it for Earthing purposes.

Can I plug my Earthing product into a surge protector or extension cord?

Yes, as long as the surge protector or extension cord have an existing ground port (for the third prong) which will connect with the grounding system in the home or office.

Would it be considered Earthing to plug something into the ground port of a wall electrical outlet, for instance, a wire and wrap it around my ankle or wrist?

Don’t do it! Unless you are an electrician or an electrical engineer, it is highly recommended not to “experiment” with plugging “something” into a wall electrical outlet. First and foremost, it is unsafe to plug a bare wire into an electrical ground in any case. An outlet should always be checked to see if it is properly grounded. All the authorized Earthing products are specifically designed for safe, biological grounding of people. They have a built-in resistor that limits the flow of current in order to prevent the unlikely possibility that electricity would flow through the connecting wire and possibly hurt someone. This allows the Earth’s natural energy to come through but not any potentially harmful electricity. In this respect, the resistor acts like a “kink” in a hose, curbing the flow. Earthing products for personal grounding have built-in protection similar to the systems utilized in industry throughout the world to prevent electricity and static from damaging sensitive electronic parts.

In your book you mention that results were not as good with products which incorporated a 1 megohm resistor in the line.

Your comment refers to grounding systems used in the electronics industry and other industries to reduce or eliminate the risk of electrostatic discharge (ESD) in order to protect sensitive electronic components. Our testing of those systems failed to totally reproduce the same effects as a direct Earthing ground system. All ESD ground cords contain 1 megohm resistor. A 1 megohm resistor allows 60hz EMF induced body voltage to drop by 90 percent. Earthing products have a built-in 100K ohm resistor in all ground cords for safety and allows 60hz EMF induced body voltage to drop by 99 percent. The objective of Earthing the body is to replicate standing barefoot on the Earth and equalizing the potential of the body with the potential of the Earth. This occurs both with either a 1 megohm or a 100K ohm resistor, the difference being a fraction of a second slower with the bigger resistor. Bringing and holding the body at Earth’s potential restores the body’s natural electrical state. This is the key factor regarding inflammation reduction. Reducing EMF induced body voltages is more beneficial to the autonomic nervous system and to sleep.

Is there a safety risk of being in contact with an Earthing system specifically while using electrical or electronic devices?

Earthing products are designed with built-in user safety. First, an electrical outlet tester is supplied with each product to verify that an outlet is properly wired and that the outlet has a working ground. The product ground cords are designed to provide a safe soft ground utilizing a built-in (molded in) in-line current limiting 100kohm resistor. In the event that a short develops in an electrical device that a person is in contact with while grounded the built-in resistor limits the current flow to a safe level. The accepted safe current limit of 5-8mA is defined as “sensation of shock not painful; individuals can let go at will.” The human body threshold of sensation is 1mA. The electrical calculation is current=volts/resistance (I=V/R). R = Rresistor + Rbody. Typical body resistance is 10k when wet and much higher when dry. However, to be conservative, using Rbody=0, Rres=100kohm, V=130volts; then maximum current I=130volts/100,000ohm=1.3mA; well below the accepted safety limit of 5-8mA and most likely barely perceptible.

I live in a 20-story concrete apartment. Would you think that connecting to the outside concrete wall, which I believe goes all the way down to the foundation without a break or any wood in between, would give a similar effect to standing on the concrete basement floor?

Connecting a grounding device to the outside concrete wall of your apartment would provide some degree of Earthing conductivity but it would be significantly less than standing on concrete situated directly on the Earth. The reason: concrete high in the air would be drier and less conductive. Concrete directly on the Earth maintains a much higher moisture content. The best way to access the Earth’s energy in your apartment would be with the use of the electrical ground (third hole in power outlets), assuming the building has a proper electrical grounding system throughout.

My Earthing cord is tangled with a bunch of computer, TV, and other cords. Is this a problem?

There is no problem with the ground cord being near TV, telephone or computer cables.

Can I plug my mat and sheet into one splitter cord without splitting the potential of Earthing in half for each product?

The use of a splitter does not reduce the potential of Earthing at all for either product.

Can you connect an Earthing sheet to the electric outlet on a cruise ship?

You may want to check with the cruise company first. It is likely that a cruise ship would be well grounded and the use of in-cabin outlet grounds should work well.

I live on a house boat. Can I use the outlets to ground myself?

As long as the boat is connected to a shore power, an electrical outlet ground would be fine. When a boat is not connected to shore power and running on a generator, the outlets may not be grounded and you would have to ask the manufacturer. If your boat is in ocean (salt) water, you can connect your Earthing device to a ground rod and dangle it over the side into the water. Sea water makes a good ground.

I just began using an Earthing floor mat at my desk. I noticed that when I work with my laptop computer and have my bare feet grounded on the mat I feel a kind of static electricity friction as I move my hands over the computer. If there is any moisture on my hands they sting like a pinprick when they touch the laptop. These things don’t happen when I take my feet off of the pad! The laptop is connected into the same wall outlet I use to ground the mat. The electric feeling as I work with the laptop is not comfortable.

Ungrounded laptops (without a three prong power cord) can generate significant electric fields. Some people will feel sensations while they are grounded and working on the computer. If the feeling is uncomfortable, we recommend several options:

  • Don’t ground yourself while using the computer plugged in.
  • Ground yourself only when the computer is operating on battery mode.
  • Place the laptop directly on the Earthing mat to ground the computer.